Adopted in 2008, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is one of the most ambitious frameworks put in place by the EU to ensure the preservation and restoration of our seas and ocean.

Unique in the world at the time, it led to great efforts by all EU countries to tackle the cumulative impacts on marine ecosystems, from harmful fishing practices to the impact of nutrient, chemical, plastic and noise pollution on marine life and habitats, as well as the additional pressures exerted by climate change.

The Directive has to be reviewed by 2023, and now as part of that review process, an evaluation and an impact assessment will be carried out.

In the context of the review, the 'Future of Our Seas' conference took place on 17 December 2021, to discuss and showcase how the Directive serves the ambitions of the European Green Deal and to interrogate whether the Directive should be adapted to improve its performance and better address the challenges identified.

MISSION ATLANTIC scientist Angel Borja spoke at the conference. In case you missed it, you can watch back and learn more here.